Africa Industrialization Day: Germany remains committed to work with Namibia for a better future of its people
Article by German Ambassador Christian Schlaga on the occasion of the Africa Industrialization Day. Published in "New Era" newspaper on 22 November 2017.
Enlarge image Ambassador Christian-Matthias Schlaga (© Federal Foreign Office) On 20 November was Africa Industrialization Day. Within the framework of the Second Industrial Development Decade for Africa (1991-2000), the UN General Assembly, in 1989, proclaimed 20 November Africa Industrialization Day (resolution 44/237). The Day is intended to mobilize the commitment of the international community to the industrialization of Africa.
The important contribution of inclusive and sustainable industrialization in helping Africa to overcome its critical development challenges is clearly recognized in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Sustainable Development Goal 9 calls to build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
While Namibia's per capita income of USD 4140.46 (current USD, 2016,World Bank) makes it an upper-middle income country in the World Bank’s classification, it still faces problems of high unemployment and poverty, and great social inequality. To overcome these challenges, the country needs urgently more jobs in order to provide people with better incomes. Namibia’s overarching policy document, Vision 2030, foresees "a prosperous and industrialised Namibia [that enjoys] peace, harmony and political stability." It emphasises welfare and human development, equitable growth, a stronger industrial sector and modernised agriculture. For a more conducive economic and political environment based on Vision 2030, the Government has formulated policies for economic development including an Industrial Policy, the Namibia Financial Sector Strategy (2011-2021) and the current National Development Plan 2017/18 to 20121/22 (NDP5).
Enlarge image (© picture alliance/Arco GmbH) Germany supports the Government of Namibia in implementing the policies described above. For this purpose, the German Government has committed 6 million euros or 100 million NAD in the framework of our bilateral development cooperation for the period February 2015 - March 2018 alone. This project focuses on growth strategies for selected economic sectors, as well as financial systems development and capacity development in the institutions involved. It is complemented by a related project for the promotion of vocational education and training.
Led by the Ministry of Industrialisation, Trade and SME Development (MITSMED), the project has analysed selected value chains within the economy that demonstrate high growth potential. After Minister Ngatjizeko’s launch of 10 respective "Industry Growth Strategies" at the end of 2016 the ministry with German support now implements key interventions with private and public stakeholders to tap into that potential. The main target-groups of the support are small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in all regions of Namibia. To ensure the beneficial impact of these measures, the process involves public and private sector stakeholders, including the Namibia Chamber of Commerce and Industry (NCCI), the Namibia Manufacturers Association, Team Namibia and the Namibian Employers Federation, as well as the Business and Intellectual Property Authority, the Namibia Statistic Agency and the Local Economic Development Agency.
Project activities include business management training, assistance with product development and the introduction of new technologies. The Namibia Investment Center (NIC) receives support in devising strategies to increase foreign direct investments that encourage new enterprises and business growth. The automotive sector has been selected for a pilot investment promotion strategy. At the same time, the project is encouraging a more conducive business environment, for instance through the simplification of processes and access to local and regional markets. These measures benefit all businesses and sectors in the country. Public-private dialogue is similarly important, so the project supports the Namibia Trade Forum (NTF) in facilitating such communication and specific sector consultations.
Access to finance is a key constraint for businesses, especially SMEs. With this regard, a number of reforms and specific measures are foreseen in the Namibia Financial Sector Strategy (NFSS). To support these efforts, the project is cooperating with the Bank of Namibia, the Namibian Financial Institutions Supervisory Authority, the Development Bank of Namibia and others in adopting and implementing regulations (e.g. the Consumer Credit Act, Microlending Bill, Financial Institutions and Market Bill). The project also contributes to the development of new financial products for SMEs such as a venture capital fund, a credit guarantee scheme and a grant facility to overcome non-financial challenges impeding access to finance.
Enlarge image (© FLI)
Meanwhile, with support from the project, the Financial Literacy Initiative (FLI) hosted by the Ministry of Finance (MoF) continues to deliver financial education to both the general public and SMEs in view to enhance access to finance. The FLI offers professional-level training in business and financial management, as well as general campaigns and outreach programmes to create awareness about the knowledge and skills needed to actively participate in the financial system. German Cooperation, through support to the German Savings Bank Foundation for International Co-operation’s Partnership with Kongalend Financial Services, also contributes to increased access to finance for micro-entrepreneurs and poor households.
Results achieved so far
The German Cooperation project on Promotion of Competitiveness is expected to have a positive impact on the income level and employment creation of growth-oriented businesses, in both the formal and informal sector. Substantial groundwork has already been done, in particular:
- The annual NamBIC survey is institutionalised and provides business data for effective public-private dialogues (PPDs) and economic reform activities.
- NSA operates a state-of-the-art data-processing centre and provides reliable data for policy development and subsequent measurement of their impact.
- The Business and Intellectual Property Authority (BIPA) was established under the MITSMED to provide even more efficient services for intellectual property rights and the registration of businesses e.g. via a web-portal.
- A Local Economic Development Agency was established, providing support services in particular to towns and municipalities.
- The review of the SME Policy of 1997 has led to the new National MSME Policy launched in November 2016.
- Ten sector growth strategies have be developed with MITSMED in 2016 for industries like agro-processing (Wood Charcoal, Wildlife Products, Swakara wool, Leather), Metal Fabrication, Gemstones, Handicrafts, and Cosmetics inter alia.
- In 2017 a large number of concrete interventions has been implemented under a so-called “Annual Operational Plans” in the fields of primary production, transformation, product distribution and service delivery.
- The Bank of Namibia (BoN) has introduced a regulation for mobile payments, which will lead to reduced transaction costs, especially in rural areas. New regulations introduced an affordable basic bank account for low-income households and micro-entrepreneurs.
- The Financial Literacy Initiative (FLI) provides basic financial education; more than 150.000 Namibians have been reached and about 1.000 SMEs trained on basic business financial management.
- The FLI was fully institutionalised into the MoF. The platform is supported by more than 25 Platform Supporters from the public, private and civil society sector who also share FLI’s budget contributions.
- Between 2007 and 2012, access of the general population to financial services increased from 47% to 65%.
Germany stands ready to continue assisting and accompanying Namibia on its development path and in its fight against poverty. During our last Government Negotiations on Development Cooperation in September this year the German side has almost doubled its commitment to Namibia from almost 75 to more than 133 million euros or 2.2 billion NAD for the coming year. Of this amount, 4.5 million euros or almost 75 million NAD are earmarked for sustainable economic development including industrialization. This shows that Germany remains committed to work with Namibia for a better future of its people.